Innovative WASH Options in Situations of Severe Overcrowding

20th October 2017
Author: Kerina Tull

A rapid review of the literature has found a selection of innovative WASH options available for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited spaces. Case study information was collated from African, Middle Eastern, South Asian and Caribbean countries. As requested, a number of experts were consulted for their opinion where there was a lack of project evaluations or grey literature.

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Suggested Citation

Tull, K. (2017). Innovative WASH Options in Situations of Severe Overcrowding, K4D Helpdesk Report 227. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies.


20th October 2017


Continent: Africa, Asia