Evidence on the Accuracy of the Number of Reported Covid-19 Infections and Deaths in Lower-Middle Income Countries
This rapid literature review focuses on the accuracy of the number of reported Covid-19 infections and deaths in official records released by governments in Lower-Middle Income Countries (LMICs). In addition, the review highlights some of the reasons for data inaccuracies and/or manipulation of Covid-19 statistics.The evidence reviewed suggests that there are data inaccuracies in reporting of Covid-19 infections in LMICs. There is also evidence of deliberate inaccuracies and concealment in reporting of Covid-19 infections in these countries. Examples highlighted include: Tanzania and Nicaragua. Findings show that inaccuracies in officially reported data are not unique to the Covid-19 pandemic, but there are similar instances in reporting problems in previous infectious disease outbreaks. Examples highlighted include: Ebola and HIV.