Effectiveness of Donor Support to Women in Formal Political Leadership: Annotated Bibliography

1st December 2018
Author: Émilie Combaz

Domestic and external pressures to increase the number of women in formal politics have started to bear fruit over the past 20 years. Overall, this has led to a greater presence of women in elected, appointed, and recruited positions in public bodies, and to their rise to senior positions in these settings, to a lesser extent. A significant amount of rigorous research has analysed women’s access to these positions, the constraints and enablers they experience once there, and their political action in office. Within this literature however, available evidence is scarce when the focus turns to analysing support that external aid actors have provided women leaders in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This annotated bibliography presents a selection of the most rigorous references available on this issue, following a rapid review of academic, practitioner, and policy literature.

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Suggested Citation

Combaz, É. (2018) Effectiveness of Donor Support to Women in Formal Political Leadership – Annotated Bibliography. K4D Helpdesk Report 426a. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies.


1st December 2018


Continent: Global