Countering Online Misinformation, Hate Speech or Extremist Narratives in the Global South

4th March 2022
Author: Huma Haider

The widespread expansion of social media outlets has enabled the spread of mis/disinformation, hate speech and extremist narratives online. Internet-based technologies can also be used to confront these types of communication. This report focuses on counter-messaging efforts (also referred to as strategic communications) through online platforms. This can comprise counter-narratives that challenge false information or existing narratives (e.g. undermining the credibility of an extremist group); or alternative narratives that seek to replace existing narratives, rather than directly confront them (e.g. introducing messages of coexistence).

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Suggested Citation

Haider, H. (2022). Countering online misinformation, hate speech or extremist narratives in the Global South. K4D Helpdesk Report 1113. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies. DOI:10.19088/K4D.2022.070


4th March 2022


Continent: Global

Country: Pakistan