Malaria, HIV and TB in Nigeria: Epidemiology and Disease Control Challenges

22nd December 2021
Author: Huma Haider

Nigeria has the world’s highest number of people affected by malaria and the world’s second largest human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS burden. There is a high occurrence of co-infection of malaria in HIV patients (Gumel et al., 2021). Nigeria is also ranked as one of the thirty high tuberculosis (TB) and TB-HIV co-infection burden countries in the world (Odume et al., 2020, 8). Co-infection can make each disease more severe and potentially more infectious (Gumel et al., 2021; Jemikalajah et al., 2021; Chukwuocha et al., 2019). This rapid literature review highlights key aspects of the epidemiology of malaria, HIV and TB in Nigeria, in addition to challenges in controlling the three diseases, in terms of prevention, detection and treatment. This is part of a series of reports looking into Epidemiology of Malaria, human immune deficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) across a set of African Nations.

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Suggested Citation

Haider, H. (2021). Malaria, HIV and TB in Nigeria: Epidemiology and disease control. K4D Helpdesk Report 1077. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies. DOI: 10.19088/K4D.2022.040


22nd December 2021


Continent: Africa

Country: Nigeria